Often we see a lots of interest in the market for “Monopoly Stocks” among the Investors, many of them wants to hold Monopoly Stock in their portfolios. There is also a craze in the market in the name of Monopoly Stock and many of them choose the wrong One.
SO, What is a Monopoly Stock?
Why investors chase for Monopoly Companies?
What Makes a Company Monopoly?
You can Read this Blog & clear all you doubts and also get a clear idea about Monopoly Stock with simple examples below.
A market for the product would include supplies, infrastructure, materials or services.
Such companies usually have high barriers to entry, making it difficult for new players to enter the market and challenge their position.
Monopoly businesses often have significant pricing power, means they can charge higher prices for their products & services.
How could A company can achieve a monopoly position?
A company can achieve a monopoly position in several ways. One common method is by acquiring its competitors and consolidating its market position. Another way is by leveraging its technological advantage or patents to maintain its position in the market.
Let’s take a brief look on Top Four Monopoly Companies:
- Indian Railway Catering and Tourism Corporation Ltd (IRCTC)
- Coal India
- Hindustan Zinc Ltd (HZL)
- Hindustan Aeronautics Ltd (HAL)
Don’t’ worry, Read this BLOG & know all about Government Loan Schemes in Details:
1. Indian Railway Catering and Tourism Corporation Ltd (IRCTC):
There are around 40 million registered and unregistered Micro Small and Medium Enterprises (MSMEs) in India. MSMEs can be classified as belonging to either the organized or unorganized sectors. These MSMEs continue to be an important source of employment and generate around 40% of India’s overall GDP. Critical national problems including poverty, unemployment, income inequality, regional imbalances, etc. are addressed by MSMEs. The government has introduced a number of programs to provide loans to MSMEs in order to strengthen their businesses and economies. A loan can be obtained by the business owners of these MSMEs through any of the programs that best meet their needs.
a) Investment in railways is increasedby 27.5 % in the Union Budget of 22-23
b) 400 plus Vande Bharat trains to be introduced in coming years
c) Growth prospects in tourism and travel sector including religious and pilgrimage tourism
d) Digitalization of payment system
a) Company is planning to build a chain of hotels.
b) Company is entering into an e-marketplace with services like bill payment,recharges, and other third-party services like online insurance purchases, etc. in partnership with brands like Amazon, Flipkart, HDFC Life, etc.
c) Diversification of IRCTC as a Fintech company through company’s online payment gateway iPay
d) Plans to enter into segments like Helicopter Travel, medical tourism, etc.
e) Plans to expand Non-Rail based tourism viz. corporate travel business, cruise, river packages, air tickets etc.
2. Coal India Limited:
Coal India Limited is a state-owned coal mining company. It is mainly engaged in mining and production of Coal and also operates Coal washeries. The major consumers of the company are power and steel sectors. Consumers from other sectors include cement, fertilizers, brick kilns etc. It is one of the largest coal-producing companies in the world and has a dominant market position in the Indian coal industry.
Coal India Ltd leads the country’s coal production contributing to around 80% of the Nation’s entire coal output. Its supplies to the power sector exceed 80% of its entire despatch.
Coal India’s major consumers are the Power sector (82% of the total output) and Steel sectors and others include cement, fertilizer, brick, kilns, and a host of other industries.
The Co. incorporated two wholly owned subsidiaries viz. CIL Solar PV Limited for manufacturing of solar value chain (Ingot-wafer-Cell Module) and CIL Navikarniya Urja Limited for renewable energy.
It is aiming at installing 3,000 MW Solar Projects by FY24. Work orders for 240 MW have been awarded in FY22. Additionally, it is focusing on fully automated and environment-friendly coal loading by setting up Coal Handling Plants and Silos.
3. Hindustan Zinc Ltd (HZL):
Incorporated in 1966, Hindustan Zinc has a rich experience of more than five decades in Zinc- lead mining and smelting.It is an Indian mining and metals company that produces zinc, lead, and silver. It has a dominant market position in India’s zinc and lead industries and is one of the world’s largest integrated zinc producers.
Company is a subsidiary of Vedanta Limited which owns 64.9% stake in it and balance 29.5% stake is owned by Government of India.
The co. has 1.2 MTPA mined metal capacity, of 800 tonnes silver refining capacity & 1.123 MTPA Zinc-lead smelting capacity.Company has long mine life of 25 years with 448MT reserves .
Strategic divestment by GOI:
Government is selling its entire shareholding (29.5%) in the co. This decision was approved by the cabinet on 22 May 2022.
4. Hindustan Aeronautics Ltd (HAL):
Hindustan Aeronautics Limited is a state-owned aerospace and defence company in India. Hindustan Aeronautics is engaged in the business of Manufacture of Aircraft and Helicopters and Repair, Maintenance of Aircraft and Helicopters.
HAL plays a strategic role in India’s defense program being the only Indian company having specialization in aircraft manufacturing and providing its Maintenance and related services.
Company spends6% to 7% of the total revenue into the research and development activity annually and increased R&D reserve from 10% to 15% of PAT last year to build a sufficient R&D reserve.
HAL has signed an MoU with Safran to set up a joint venture intended for development, production, sales and support of helicopter engines
MoU with the IAI, Israel Aerospace Industries on 4 March 2022 to convert the civil passenger aircraft to multi-mission tanker aircraft.